Royal Academy or Royal Academy of Arts

Royal Academy or Royal Academy of Arts
   In 1769, under the patronage of Britain's King George III, the Royal Academy met for its first session. The official title of this elite institution is "Royal Academy in London for the Purpose of Cultivating and Improving the Arts of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture," but most people who know it, including its members, simply call it "The R.A." The painters among the R.A.'s founding members were its first president, Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), the portraitist Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788), the landscapist Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782), and Benjamin West (1738-1820), an American of the colonial period, who became president upon Reynolds' death. Members of the Royal Academy of Arts (RA) are known as "associates", or more formally, "Associate of the Royal Academy" (ARA), and often place the initials "ARA" after their signatures. The Royal Academy owns a collection of masterful works produced by its members since the 18th century, and displays this collection in its galleries. Also see academy, artists' organizations, English art, history painting, Neoclassicism, and Romanticism.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Royal Academy of Arts in London —   [ rɔɪəl ə kædəmi əv ɑːts ɪn lʌndən], 1768 von König Georg II. gegründete königliche Akademie der Künste in England; Sitz: London. Die Mitgliedschaft ist auf 40 Maler, Bildhauer und Architekten beschränkt; seit 1769 jährlich Sommer , seit 1870… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Royal Academy of Arts — Die Royal Academy im Burlington House Die Royal Academy of Arts in London ist eine der wichtigsten Kunstinstitutionen in Großbritannien. Sie widmet sich der Lehre und Förderung von Malerei, Bildhauerei und Architektur. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences — The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (In Dutch: Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen , abbreviated: KNAW ) is an organisation dedicated to the advancement of science and literature in the Netherlands. The Academy is… …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Swedish Academy of Arts — The Royal Swedish Academy of Arts or Kungl. Akademien för de fria konsterna , founded in 1773 by King Gustav III, is one of the Royal Academies in Sweden. The Academy is an independent organization, which acts to promote painting, sculpting,… …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Canadian Academy of Arts — The Royal Canadian Academy of Arts is a Canadian arts related institution founded in 1880, under the patronage of the Governor General of Canada, Sir John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, the Marquess of Lorne.It received the title Royal Canadian… …   Wikipedia

  • Academy of Arts —    See Royal Canadian Academy of Arts …   The makers of Canada

  • Royal Academy of Arts — ➡ Royal Academy * * * Britain s national academy of art. It was founded in 1768 by George III. Its first president (1768–92) was Joshua Reynolds. The number of its members, who are selected by members and associates, is fixed at 40; members names …   Universalium

  • Royal Academy of Arts — Royal Academy La Royal Academy est une institution artistique britannique, située à Londres, dans Piccadilly. Elle a été fondée en 1768. Présidents Président Mandat Sir Joshua Reynolds 1768–1792 Benjamin West 1792–1805 James Wyatt 1805–1806… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ROYAL ACADEMY OF ARTS —    in London; was instituted in 1768 by George III. as a result of a memorial presented to him by 29 members who had seceded from The Incorporated Society of Artists of Great Britain (founded 1765); for some years received grants from the privy… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Royal Academy of Arts — noun an honorary academy in London (founded in 1768) intended to cultivate painting and sculpture and architecture in Britain • Syn: ↑Royal Academy • Hypernyms: ↑academy, ↑honorary society …   Useful english dictionary

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